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IN THE GARDEN

Herbs

From your garden to your table
20 Essential Herbs for Cooking and Healing

Herb
Culinary Uses
Healing Uses

Sweet Basil (Ocimum basilicum)
Strong flavor and aroma complements tomatoes, eggplant, squash, seafood; use in sauces, salads, marinades, pesto
Eases stomach cramps, colic, nausea and vomiting, and flatulence; increases breast milk production; externally, helps repel insects

Bay (Laurus nobilis)
Use in soups, stews, stock, marinades; for poaching fish; with parsley and thyme for bouquet garni
Settles the stomach and stimulates appetite; externally, used to relieve muscle aches and pains, especially for arthritis

Calendula (Calendula officinalis)
Edible petals add bright golden color to cheese, butter, custards, rice, vinegar, salads, soups
Used to heal swollen lymph glands and ulcers in the digestive tract; externally, creams and salves help heal cuts, dry skin, sunburn and diaper rash

Chervil (Anthriscus cerefolium)
Delicate parsley-like flavor; use fresh leaves with fish, poultry, eggs, soups, sauces, salads; all vegetables
Settles digestion; has diuretic properties; helps purify the blood and lower blood pressure; rich in vitamin C

Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)
Add to eggs, potatoes, soups and salads just before serving; cream with butter and lemon juice for grilled fish
Mild antibacterial and antifungal properties; mild cardiovascular-systems benefits; good source of vitamins A and C

Cilantro/Coriander (Coriandrum sativum)
Add leaves (cilantro) to curries, salsa, stir-fry; add ground seeds (coriander) to curries, chutney, baked goods
Stimulates appetite and improves digestion; relieves flatulence, bloating and cramps, sweetens breath

Dill (Anethum graveolens)
Leaves enhance fish, egg, rice and potato dishes; use pungent seeds in vinegar, pickles, soup and poached fish
Potent digestive aid, soothes colic; stimulates milk production in nursing mothers, chewing the seeds relieves bad breath

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
Use leaves in salads, sauces, breads, dressings and with oily fish, such as trout or mackerel
Has antispasmodic properties that soothe digestion; diuretic properties; promotes bile secretion and aids digestion of fats; increases milk supply in nursing mothers

Garlic (Allium sativum)
Pungent cloves enhance a wide range of meats; seafood" vegetables, soups and sauces
Potent antibacterial, antibiotic and antifungal properties, may help lower cholesterol and prevent cancer and atherosclerosis, may reduce blood sugar levels

Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
Spicy flavor enlivens bread, candy, cookies, crackers, cake; also essential for Asian stir-fries
Superior anti-nausea herb beneficial for morning and motion sickness; contains anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties; prevents indigestion; improves circulation

Lavender (Lavandula spp.)
Adds a light floral flavor to desserts, sugars, liqueurs; sometimes included in bouquet garni Soothes the digestive tract, promotes bile secretion and relieves nausea; lavender essential oil relieves anxiety and insomnia, has antimicrobial action to help heal wounds

Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)
Leaves add a mildly tart, lemony flavor to teas, ice cream, fruit dishes, salads and meats
Has mild tranquilizing (sedative) properties; settles the stomach; lemon balm ointment has antiviral properties and is used externally to treat cold sores and herpes

Lovage (Levisticum officinale)
Use celery-flavored leaves, seeds and stalks to flavor soups, stews, salads and meat dishes
Warming and tonic herb; relieves indigestion, bloating, flatulence and colic; improves appetite; has diuretic properties

Mint (Mentha spp.)
Adds fresh flavor to many foods-teas, meats, salads, potatoes, candies and more
Superior digestive aid; relieves congestion and suppresses coughs; peppermint essential oil has antibacterial properties and helps relieve headaches

Oregano/Marjoram (Origanum spp.)
Pungent herb pairs well with tomato-based dishes, pizza, vegetables, meats, Greek dishes
Relieves flatulence and stimulates bile flow; has strong antiseptic properties; relieves coughs and other respiratory conditions

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)
Use this slightly peppery herb as a garnish and with meats, vegetables, soups; rich in vitamins C and A
Relieves bad breath (has high levels of breath-freshening chlorophyll); aids digestion and relieves intestinal gas; seeds have potent diuretic properties

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
Resinous lemon- and pine-flavored herb for roasts, meats, fish, tomatoes, pasta sauces, salad dressings, pizza, breads
Has potent antioxidant properties; soothes digestion and relieves congestion; eases headaches and depression; improves weak circulation

Sage (Salvia spp.)
Pungent, slightly bitter herb flavors breads, stuffing, Italian dishes
Contains astringent tannins that help treat sore throats, tonsillitis and bleeding gums; prevents excessive sweating; dries up breast milk in nursing mothers

Savory (Satureja spp.)
Minty, thyme-like herb for teas, vegetable dishes, stuffing and meats, especially sausage
Relieves gas; stimulates healthy digestion; soothes chest infections and bronchitis; savory essential oil has strong antibacterial and antifungal properties

Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)
Adds a pungent, lemon like flavor to meats, vegetables, soups, stews, tomatoes
Soothes digestion; has expectorant (mucus-loosening) properties useful for coughs, bronchitis and emphysema; used externally to disinfect wounds





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